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The American Association of Immunologists

Federal Budget

Each February, the President submits to Congress a budget proposing spending for the next fiscal year (beginning October 1). Only Congress may fund government agencies and programs. (Article I, Section 9, Clause 7, U.S. Constitution)

The House and Senate may approve or modify the President's budget, or create their own (called a "Budget Resolution").

  • Before the House or Senate can consider a Budget Resolution, the House Budget Committee and the Senate Budget Committee must develop and approve a Resolution.

While the House and Senate each must pass its own Budget Resolution, both chambers must agree on a final Resolution if its provisions are to go into effect. Since a Budget Resolution does not become law, but rather is an expression of Congressional will, Congress has procedures which allow it to waive the requirements of an approved Resolution.

The Budget Resolution allocates funding levels to be given to the Appropriations Committees in the House and Senate, which allocate funds to their various subcommittees. The appropriations subcommittees determine the level of funding to be provided to the Federal Departments and Agencies under their jurisdiction.

The Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies in the Senate and House set the level of funding to be provided to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The Federal Department that funds the NIH is the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal Budgets:


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